Częstochowa railway station / 2019
The current situation isolates the station building from the main pedestrian zone
The new railway station will ensure the expansion and diversification of the activity zone for residents and tourists
Life in the city of Częstochowa revolves around the Avenue NMP. Its strong spatial structure dominates the urban layout of the city. The existing Władysław Biegański Square never took over the role of the main market square unlike other European cities and its functions spills all over the axis of Avenue NMP right from the church of St. Zygmunt to the Jasna Góra hill. As a result, the center of the city has become slightly blurred due to the linear activity zone. The proposed railway station will not only provide as an alternative route for the people to reach from old city to a new city but will also create a new active loop comprising of various public functions that will connect both parts of the city via the new building. In order to achieve this a strong and long, almost a city park-shaped volume is thrown over the tracks which connect Avenue Wolności on the west with Marszałka J. Piłsudskiego street on the east. Because of its prominent appearance, the station post Phase 2 will be visible from Avenue NMP from over a distance of 300m.
Existing railway station
Structurally retained part of over bridge after demolition
Two clear volumes & clock tower is placed on the ground level
Extension of the bridge in both directions
Wrapping the bridge in a new skin
Phase 2 starts with two new volumes on the west side
extending the bridge to the west
Phase 2 will house hotel facilities & additional commercial services
New Częstochowa station with an integrated urban interchange facility
Phase 1 & 2 ground floor plan
The first phase of design finds its roots from the existing structure of the bridge over the railway tracks, which has been fully preserved and is extended to the east and west directions. At both ends, the new bridge is supported by clear volumes on the ground floors, of which the eastern one, the larger volume houses the ticket offices, information, car rental point, ticket vending machines, information centers, toilets and includes entrance to the existing underground passage.
Council of Europe square from the times of Warsaw-Vienna railway lines
In terms of spatial decisions, the second phase of design is a continuation of phase 1. The upper volume(bridge) of the station is stretched up to the western frontage of Avenue Wolności and supported on two additional glass volumes on the ground floor.In the newly created part, it will be possible to locate any commercial functions, of which the hotel function seems to be the most reasonable due to the touristic & pilgrimage nature of the city. On the ground level would be other hotel functions: lobby, restaurant, and conference rooms. The height of the ground floor part will allow mezzanine functions to be used for services.
Phase 1 & 2 masterplan
Site before and after the intervention
The escalator and elevator, as well as a small staircase, leads to the first floor. At the highest level of the eastern part are located rooms for railway services and technical rooms. The clock tower on the east side is the reminiscence of the original Warsaw-Vienna Railway station. It’s designed in a steel structure covered with white milk glass, thanks to which it will be reflecting the sunlight during the day and at night through the internal lighting. The tower is visible not only from Marszałka J. Piłsudskiego Street but also from the Council of Europe square and Avenue Wolności.
Schematic section of phase 2
The station’s program here is limited to ticket vending machines, ATMs, information and toilets on the ground floor and waiting room with a point for serving drinks and sanitary facilities. Communication between levels is facilitated by escalator and elevator. Additional elevators allowing for the disabled access to internal platforms are designed on the intersection of the arcade and stairs.
The ‘bridge’/first floor is cladded in horizontal, metal, reflective panels. The cladding profile varies in its width is wrapped around all four sides of the floor.
The immense longevity of the bridge provides various reflections depending on where the user’s location. It provides a vibrant facade with a constantly changing play of light. The cladding also covers all points of contact between the old and new parts, accidental window connections, differences in roof heights, ventilation and air conditioning components located on the roofs.
Long, irregular, horizontal lines with reflections of light are to materialize the object and give the impression of linear movement, which is the quintessence of railways.